Visit any junior high or high school and you will experience the power of influence. Clothing, hairstyles, attitudes and even the language are all gained by some amount of influence, whether it is from commercials, fashion, trends, celebrities or music. Teens and preteen children are influenced by these various factors. However, a child’s friends are the No. 1 influence.
Before you think your children’s friends could never lead one another astray (误入歧途的), think again. A child may experience an event that has caused overwhelming stress or may have problems at home or school, which causes negative behavior. Negative influences of a child’s friends can come without warning.
“Parents who ask their children where they are going, who they are going with and request a meeting with their children’s friends and the friends’ parents have already taken the first step,” says Mara Berkley, family therapist and professor at Bristol University in Rhode Island.
Lynn Rexroat of Chillicothe, Illinois, uses this method to keep tabs on her children. “My oldest son knows that in order for him to go anywhere with a friend, especially one I haven’t met before, I have to speak with that friend’s parent to make sure the arrangements are agreeable with us both,” she says. “I don’t interrogate (质问) them by asking about their private life. I just want to know that the parents of the other child know what the boys are planning to do. I feel that by my wanting to know I am protecting my son.”
When a parent suspects that their child is hanging out with “the wrong crowd”, the last thing on their mind should be discipline. Instead, Berkley says a parent should be more interested in finding out the reasons behind the behaviors and the child’s choice to keep company with these types of friends.
小题1:We can infer from the second paragraph that .
A.two children usually go astray together
B.a child can be negatively influenced only when he meets problems
C.a child can easily go astray under the influence of a friend
D.parents know exactly when a child is negatively influenced
小题2:Mara Berkley probably agrees that you when your child is going out with his friends.
A.should track him secretlyB.should not ask him
C.can stop him going outD.do something to interfere
小题3:How does Lynn Rexroat protect her son according to the text?
A.She questions his son directly.
B.She meets his son’s friends herself.
C.She makes arrangements with the parents of his son’s friends.
D.She communicates with the parents of his son’s friends.
小题4:The underlined part “keep tabs on” in the fourth paragraph probably means “ ”.
A.watch overB.win overC.bring backD.take control of
小题1:C。推理判断题。从文章第二段 Negative influences of a child’s friends can come without warning可知孩子很容易受到不良影响，而且往往是不知不觉地。故选C。
小题2: D。推理判断题。从第三段Parents who ask their children where they are going, who they are going with and request a meeting with their children’s friends and the friends’ parents have already taken the first step可知，Mara Berkley认为对孩子的行为应该加以干预，而不应该不闻不问。故选D。
小题3:D。细节理解题。从文章第四段I don’t interrogate them by asking about their private life. I just want to know that the parents of the other child know what the boys are planning to do可知，这位母亲没有直接询问孩子，而是跟孩子朋友的家长及时沟通。故选D。
小题4:A。词义理解题。watch over：监督，看守 win over：赢 bring back：带回 take control of：控制。 根据文章第四段的语境，这位家长介绍如何对孩子进行监督，避免他学坏。故选A。